When we look beneath the external trappings of any religion, it is remarkable how similar are the underlying beliefs. From the well-known “Golden Rule derived from Christianity’s “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” To Buddha’s teaching to “Hurt not others with that which pains yourself.”, we see that the enlightened minds of all faiths and beliefs embrace the foundational understanding that love for others must mirror love for ourselves.

“We are merely reflections of a single mind in a multiple -reflection looking glass.”  Dr. Quantum’s Little Book of Big Ideas by Fred Alan Wolf, Ph.D.

The Golden Rule – “one should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself “– is understood as a primary ethical teaching in all traditions.

Below are some key examples, along with their source references for further exploration from a particular tradition.

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What is hateful unto you, do not do to your neighbor.
Talmud, Shabbat 31a


Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.
Leviticus 19:18


So whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.
Matthew 7:12


As you wish that men would do to you, do so to them.
Luke 6:31


Treat not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful.
Udana Varga 5:18


Do not unto others what you would not have them do unto You.
Analects 15:13


This is the sum of duty: Do not do to others what would cause you pain if done to you.
Mahabharata 5:1517


Not one of you is truly believers until you wish for others what you wish for yourself.
Hadith Sunan


Regard your neighbor’s gain as your own gain, and your neighbor’s loss as your own loss.
T’ai Shang Kan Ying Pien, 213 -218


And if thine eyes be turned towards justice, choose thou for thy neighbor that which thou choosest for thyself.
Lawh’i ‘lbn’i Dhib, Epistle to the Son of the Wolf 30


Native American:

Respect for all life is the foundation.
The Great Law of Peace


All things are our relatives; what we do to everything, we do to ourselves. All is really One.
Black Elk


A man should wander about treating all creatures as he himself would be treated.
Surtrakritanga, 1:11:33


Treat others as thou wouldst be treated thyself.
Adi Granth


That nature alone is good which refrains from doing unto another whatsoever is not good for itself.
Dadistan-I-Dinik, 94:5


An’ it harm no one, do what thou wilt
The Wiccan Rede


One going to take a pointed stick to pinch a baby bird should first try it on himself to feel how it hurts.
Saying from Nigeria

And from philosophy:

What you would avoid suffering  yourself, seek not to impose on others.

May I do to others as I would that they should do unto me.

Treat your inferiors as you would be treated by your superiors.
Seneca – Epistle 47:11

Act as if the maxim of thy action were to become by thy will a universal law of nature.